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Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness among those over age 50.

Primary Eye Care Associates in Chicago, IL, can help patients treat and manage their macular degeneration, preventing further vision loss.

Find out why people come to our Garfield Ridge practice, near Chicago Midway International Airport, for their eye care needs.

What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

The retina is the light-sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye that detects light and sends those signals to the brain. The central portion of the retina is known as the macula.

Macular degeneration involves the loss of central vision due to thinning of the macula. The condition is incurable, but early detection and treatment can slow down the rate of vision loss.

Types of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

There are two kinds of macular degeneration: dry AMD and wet AMD. It's estimated that 90 percent of all people diagnosed with AMD have dry macular degeneration.


Dry AMD is the most common type of macular degeneration. The dry form occurs when yellow deposits called drusen appear beneath your macula. Drusen continue to grow on the retina, causing separation and thinning of the macula.


In wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels develop under the retina. During the wet form, blood may leak into the eye, causing the macula to swell and leading to permanent damage. Wet AMD can arise as a result of dry AMD or it can develop on its own.

How Common Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

More than 10 million Americans are currently affected by macular degeneration.
*According to the American Macular Degeneration Foundation

AMD Risk Factors


  • Advanced age
  • Race (white)
  • Family history
  • History of smoking
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease

Prevent and Control Macular Degeneration

While there is no cure for macular degeneration, Primary Eye Care Associates can detect early signs and prevent the disease from progressing. We are one of the few eye care clinics to provide Macular Pigment Optical Density Testing (MPOD). MPOD allows Dr. Steven Chander to test the pigmentation levels of all his patients at each visit to prevent macular degeneration.

Have You Suffered from Vision Loss? Contact Primary Eye Care Associates Today

If you are over the age of 50 and have experienced a loss of central vision, it's important to speak with the doctors of Primary Eye Care Associates. During a comprehensive eye exam, we will review your macular degeneration symptoms and risk factors and discuss your concerns in greater detail.

Dr. Steven Chander  can develop a custom treatment plan just for you. His goal will be to help prevent future vision loss through lifestyle changes and proper supplementation. If needed, they can consult with ophthalmologists for more advanced care.

If you live in Chicago, IL, and would like more information about treating macular degeneration, contact our practice online. We are located in Garfield Ridge, IL, near Chicago Midway International Airport. You can also reach us by phone.

Call Us Today

(773) 735-6090

Dr. Steven Chander

5 Stars for Primary Eye Care Associates Our Doctors Help the People of Chicago, IL, See


Moises Dominguez


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What a wonderful place, very clean, thoughtful hardworking staff, and stupendous eye doctor. The staff speaks Spanish and give you all their time. Definitely will recommend to anyone above 5 stars!

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Paul Chandler


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Dr. Chander and staff were very professional and knowledgeable. They explained every step of our experience clearly and were very patient with our questions. Excellent place. Thank you all.

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Macular Degeneration Diagnosis

Comprehensive Exam

Our optometrists will conduct a thorough eye exam to diagnose macular degeneration, assessing your central vision and the overall quality of your eyesight. We will dilate your pupil and use a specialized instrument to view your retina and macula. We want you to share any concerns you may have about macular degeneration that seem relevant. The Primary Eye Care Associates team is here to answer any questions you may have about age-related macular degeneration.

Advanced Testing

Our doctors may also use advanced diagnostic tools to uncover more complicated cases of macular degeneration. An OCT (optical coherence tomography) test uses ultrasound to detect abnormal blood vessels around your macula. Our OCT testing can also detect signs of other eye diseases, such as glaucoma.

Early Detection and Risk Assessment

If you are not yet experiencing age-related macular degeneration, our team can determine your risk for developing the condition as you get older. We can use the QuanitfEye® test to measure macular pigment levels. Low pigment levels indicate that you have a higher chance of developing macular degeneration. If you are at an increased risk for macular degeneration, nutritional supplements can help reduce your chances of developing the condition.

Supplementation for Macular Degeneration Slowing the Progress of Vision Loss

Although there is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, aggressive nutritional therapy can decrease the rate of macular damage. Combined with lifestyle changes and the use of assistive vision devices, we hope to restore the overall quality of your life while maintaining your current vision quality.

The team at our Chicago, IL, practice will prescribe an aggressive regimen of zinc, antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta carotene. These are known as AREDS/AREDS2 supplements and are specially formulated to address vision loss caused by age-related macular degeneration.

pills spilling out of a bottle

What Does "AREDS" Stand For?


AREDS stands for Age-Related Eye Disease Studies. AREDS and AREDS2 were large clinical trials sponsored by the National Eye Institute (NEI). The AREDS and AREDS2 trials were essential for developing the supplement formulas we provide to AMD patients.

Advanced Treatments for  Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Additional care may be necessary if your age-related macular degeneration does not respond to lifestyle changes and AREDS/AREDS2 supplements. The goal will be to limit further vision loss through more advanced treatment options.

The doctors of Primary Eye Care Associates can reach out to other vision specialists in the Chicago, IL, area. We work with trusted ophthalmologists and can refer patients to them when warranted.

Using a combination of noninvasive and more advanced therapies, our eye doctors can help people with wet or dry macular degeneration avoid uncontrolled vision loss.

Patient-Centered Vision Services People in the Chicago, IL, Area Share Their Experiences


Serena Maldanado


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They are so friendly and helpful! I was having issues with my eyes for months and I came here. A week later my eye issues are almost gone! I’m also very pleased with the social distancing practices.

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Sarai Trevino


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Very friendly staff the doctors are very thorough with the exam. Great selection of eye glasses and sunglasses. Definitely recommend this practice for the entire family.

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Dr. Steven Chander

Primary Eye Care Associates

Primary Eye Care Associates is a family-friendly vision care practice in Chicago. Led by our eye doctor, Dr. Steven Chander, our practice provides a variety of services, features a state-of-the-art optical laboratory, and includes an optical boutique with designer frames. Dr. Chander is certified by:

  • The National Board of Examiners in Optometry
  • The American Optometric Association

To schedule an appointment with our team, please fill out our online form or call (773) 735-6090.

Contact Us Today

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